Word-Sensibility

Model Introduction

Visit the About page for the project’s motivations, scope and goals.

Theoretical and Computer Model: Intersubjectivity, Anthroposemiotics,  Enactivism,   Ecological Psychology,  Embodied Cognition,  Phenomenology.

General Area of Discussion:  Model Based Reasoning and Commonsense.

Introducing The Quadranym Model of Word-Sensibility:

Word-Sensibility is proposed as a method of textual analysis. Data training involves a database with its features tagged to identify reference frames for word sense. Word-sensibility is about the dynamic sense of word sense.

  • Dynamic sense refers to having a sense of things through interaction.

On this page we offer a concise overview of the model. We introduce the terms Word-Sensibility, Word-Topic, Quadranym and Dynamical Context.

  • The article is about schema concepts and not the actual data preparation.
  • The focus will be on the model’s features and not theoretical concepts.
  • We are in the exploratory stage and look forward to any feedback.

The Specificity of a Word’s Dynamicity

What are Affordances?

I also assume that they are not simply the physical properties of things as now conceived by physical science. Instead, they are ecological, in the sense that they are properties of the environment relative to an animal.

James J. Gibson,

GOAL: Improve commonsense prediction with units of responsiveness.

  • Responsiveness is the ability to act quickly and positively to situations.

Features of the Model:

Word-Topics (realms of word sense) organize, characterize and summarize lexical information. They’re pre-textual renderings of context used to anchor focus given to the words and the contextual developments in a text.

Every Word-Topic has a four dimension set called a Quadranym.

Quadranym Example: Time(x)

  • x = q: {future, past, present, event}
  • modes: {future, past}
  • states: {present, event}

A Quadranym is a construct from the Q-database. They are rendered by template and are used in reference frames for word-topic processing.

Word-Topic Reference frame:

  • zeropoint:{present}
  • coordinates: {events}
  • y axis: {future}
  • x axis: {past}
Nowness remains the invariable event to any sense of change or procedure.

Reference frames are a framework used to graph responsive dynamics.

Each of the realms has four global dimensions to respond to local text, each in its own way.

Quadranyms are realms of clustered information. Realms nest together.


Responding & Predicting
Did the package arrive?

Humans are highly creative with context. That is, contextual tricks to imagine possibilities. It’s a key factor to how we deal with uncertainty. Consider the ‘survey question’ below for what is blank? Like in the game of Family Feud, the most common answer to the question wins the round.

  • “I will know blank as soon as I walk through the door.”

Give a person a situation like this and countless scenarios are imagined. It’s virtually impossible to know what the speaker is referring to. Still, the job of commonsense prediction is about the knowledge of what typically happens; “what the weather is like,”“what’s for dinner,” “If the package arrived.”  We refer to this knowledge as belonging to the Situational Context.

The situational context is the ability to understand circumstances such that a prediction can be made about an event i.e., one responds with knowledge. 

  • In our approach, a prediction is one thing, a response is another.

Response in our terms doesn’t refer to understanding. Responses refer to accumulated interactions that are instinctively used in different manners of responsiveness: the ability to act quickly and positively to situations. In our approach, responsiveness is innate and part of an organismic level of context.

A change of plans?

We propose the idea of the Dynamical Context.

The dynamical context can be thought of as an organisms dynamic sense experiences, characterized by the potential interactions between them. This implicates relation to sensory motor capacities. The model is about the relation between the situational context and an organism’s dynamic sense.

Essentially, it’s responsive adaptations to the environment used for communication. The process is about orientation. Here are few more ideas:

  1. Dynamical context value is realized through the situational context.
  2. Its job is to integrate its spatial and temporal dynamics into situations.
  3. By integrating with situations analogs and predictions can take form.

The dynamical context is represented in multi-quadranym systems.

  • A quadranym represents a unit of responsiveness.

Before we illustrate the model, let’s first consider the relevant topic in our example. It’s basically about an agent’s mental state. Imagine that mental state as being a unit of homeostasis between what’s known and unknown.

  • “I will know as soon as I walk through the door.”
Change and movement causes knowing.

Door is the relevant spatial context. The barrier of door is between the knower (self) and what is knowable (event). The objective of what is knowable is only satisfied when the knower goes through the door. Only then is what is knowable satisfied and the unit’s mental stasis is achieved.

  • A script like this can be reused in different ways and serve as an analog.

This is basically what we aim to model; motivated homeostatic responses. The research includes anthroposemiotics; sharing intentions and viewpoints.

The current example will serve to help illustrate the model’s basic features.

  • Example: I will know as soon as I walk through the door.

The example allows us to address many basic features quickly and easily.

The heart of the problem is not so much how we see objects in depth, as how we see the constant layout of the world around us. Space, as such, empty space, is not visible, but surfaces are.

James J. Gibson

An Ecological Systems Perspective on Word Sense

The Quadranym Model of Word-Sensibility:

Our aim is to generalize the dynamic sense of environmental interaction. The responsiveness of quadranyms to conditions are virtual adaptations to the environment. Consider different responses for the responsiveness of x.

  • x = {<I, will, know, as_soon, as_I, walk, through, the_door>}

Textual elements are parsed into responsive units (see chart below).

  1. Multiple responsive layers are on the vertical (hierarchy).
  2. Features of each layer are on the horizontal (quadranyms).

(Note: Units connect together to form scripts and nest together to form layers.)

Quadranyms nest in a hierarchical order with sorted portions of the text i.e., virtual responsive layers are motivated by environmental interaction.

  • The chart illustrates global relations and a matrix for weighted values.

Quadranym Examples: (Responsive Units)

Word-Topic (global)

Expand      (y axis)

Reduce (x axis)

Object (coordinates)

Subject (zeropoint)

1-Space {through}

infinite

finite

between

void

2-Time                  {will, as_soon}

future

past

event

present

3-Agent {I, as_I}

active

passive

goal

self

4-Mental {know}

unknown

known

knowable

knower

5-Locomotion      {walk}

move

stay

place

position

6-Door {the_door}

open

close

barrier

passage

A responsive body requires an environment as its primary affordance. Spatial affordance is a general quadranym frame for most hierarchical sets. 

  • Word-Topic Prime = Space: (superset quadranym FOR string)
  • Hierarchical Terms: (multiple subset quadranyms FOR string)

Additional units can nest such as ground or distance into topic space.

Additional Quadranyms and Potential Layers: (i.e., added constraints)

  • T=ground: [ E=up | R=down | O=surface | S=gravity])
  • T=distance: [ E=far | R=near | O=relation | S=position])

Above are nesting potentials (more examples later).

Quadranym Template: Prime Dimensions

  • mode: expand (expansive sense FOR string)*
  • mode: reduce (reductive sense FOR string)*
  • state: object (objective sense FOR string)*
  • state: subject (subjective sense FOR string)*

*(Word-Sensibility’s Four Prime Adjectives for Describing Sense)

(Note: There is no real subjective and objective distinction in the hierarchical structure. Mental attributes and environmental attributes are nested layers in a single global system. The distinction is in quadranyms and is temporal and local.)

Each quadranym is a response from a particular self perspective. It adds up to a general responsiveness. Quadranyms are like neuronal reference frames.

  • At its core, word-sensibility is that which prescribes internal and external distinctions to responsive units. That is, it aims to model an agents internal responses to external occurrences at different nested levels in the system.

The general description of the process is as follows: The textual elements proceed to correspond with the features of the word-topics that proceed to correspond to one another. Furthermore, hierarchical structure form on these relationships such that the relevant circumstances of the situational context are embedded in the spatial and temporal paradigms of the system.

  • The text’s situational context sorts into the system’s dynamical context.

Sorting Textual Elements to Features: (Details are in the data preparation.)

Textual elements sort to quadranyms tagged for their word-topic feature such as, spatial, temporal, agent, mental, locomotion (i.e., realms or domains).

When sorting is complete, we say that the dynamical context is coupled to the situational context.  Next, textual elements find orientation in each unit.

The Orientation of Source and Target Conditions: 

Orientation has a specific role in each quadranym. It identifies the source condition that is necessary before any target condition can be engaged.

  • In the schema, affordance is the source and its utility is the target.  
  • Fine tuning a text involves mapping it to source and target conditions.

The source condition is also called the subjective state. We can think of it as the unattended state and anchor.  The target is always the attended state.

  • Source and target conditions are internal features of quadranym units.
  • Textual elements map to the condition features situated in each unit.
  • It is a sequence, FROM the source condition TO the target condition.

In the schema, a source condition is a factor intrinsically occurrent in the context.  A target condition is a factor changing or modifying in the context.

  • Example: {<I, will, know, as_soon, as_I, walk, through, the door>}
  • Source: Space {through}, Time {as soon, as_I}, Agent {I}.
  • Target: Space {door}, Time {will), Mental {know}, Locomotion {walk}.

String Set = Target Condition Source Condition

  • Responsive adaptors (target potentials): will, know, walk, the_door.

Sorted States: [Space S, Time T, Locomotion L, Agent A, Mental M]

Contextual Layers: General to relevant spatial-temporal hierarchy.

  1. S: Source state: void {through}  ⊇ target state: between {the_door}.
  2. T/L: Source state: present/position {as_soon}target state: event/place {will}.
  3. T/L: Source state: present/position {as_I}target state: event/place {walk}.
  4. A/M: Source state: self/knower  {I}target state: goal/knowable {know}.

Spatial-Temporal Invitation in Layers and Units:

Each quadranym has a source; an idiosyncratic method of orientation. For instance, the temporal orientation (2) sources {as_soon}; the actual position of the present state. Each layer is an invitation for the next layer to proceed.

  • Layer 3: subjective source {as_I} is what orients the objective variable {walk}.

This is why the spatial orientation void {through} is most general in the dynamical context. It is the primary invitation to the environmental space. It is the invitation that anchors for the targets on each more relevant layer.

Layers 1,2,3 provides invitation for layer 4 and can serve as a structure in other contexts. For instance, instead of agent knowing agent can be leaving.

  • Alt. 4 — A/L: Source state: self/position  {I}target state: goal/place {leave}.

(Note: The idea of orientation as illustrated above is one example or way to think about layers of virtual orientation. Sentential methods of orientational analysis may at times require grammatical assistance. Grammatical analysis primarily pertains to the situational context. The goal is to model the relations between the situational context and the dynamical context systems. Also, orientation may summarize chunks of text. An entire sentence may be a source or a target. The distinction spans between the word-topics and the theme topics of a text. Still, orientation as we are presenting it is chiefly about the ability to abstract the human experience of contextual expectation by building up from the word level.)


Calibrating Dynamic Sense

Pre-Aligned: Orientational conditions are pre-tuned in nested systems.

Calibrate Word-Topics to Situational Context:

Every word-topic takes aim at its condition variables based on what’s given. For example, void is what’s given for the topic space and takes aim at the variables belonging to between such as, objects, regions, solid separation, spatial separation. Emptiness is the source affordance for spatial context.* Door is the relevant object of space (i.e., target variable). A reference frame performance is about calibrating coordinates to integrate textual elements.

*(Note: Unattended layers: T=ground: [ E=up | R=down | O=surface | S=gravity])

Calibrate: Topic Space: whole region responds to separate regions FOR between.

  Spatial source conditions are at zeropoint. Whole depends on separate to be Between.     

The position of the coordinate to the origin is relevant to the given context. We can use mental coupling as an analogy and say that the source is to be coupled to the target in a particular way. The space topic reference frame above illustrates three frames converging on one point (extended on z axis).

The output y increases when the door is open. A new region is a new input. This informs the y axis to adjust its value i.e., whole region raised its potential.

  • Inputs are specified, such as, region X1 and region X2.
  • Inputs are actual and the outputs are their potential.

(Note: Peri-personal space if defined can also specify some value.)

Notes for Space Topic Graph: (key: potential y, actual x)

  1. If X1 represents one region then y potential is only for that region.
  2. If open door adds new region then y potential spans both regions.
  3. This means that the y potential now includes actual regions, X1 , X2.
  4. Affordance potential connects. It is less separate because of access.
  5. The new region is a new input and new viewpoint for a new cycle.
  6. Cycles are quadranym frames that join together to make scripts.

Script Example (basic): (Without going into detail.)

Space topic source and target sets: (2 perspectives)

  • input1: [Infinite(void{…}) ⊇ Finite(between{…})]<find>
  • input2: [Infinite(void{…}) ⊇ Finite(between{…})]

Blank Frame: [Potential{…}(actual{…}) ⊇ Actual{…}(potential{…})]

A similar sort of calibration description applies to all frames.

Calibrate: Topic Time: potential time responds to actual time FOR event.

Active-potential for future event. Actual procedure has already been enacted in time.

Calibrate: Topic Mental: observation responds to information FOR knowable.

     Information increases with observation. Observation depends on information to be knowable.

Calibrate: Topic Distance: remote responds to proximity FOR relation.

Remote depends on proximity to be spatial relation. FROM self TO relation.

(Note: Notice that x and y variables have (+ -) polarities. They can be switched.)

The task is to weigh relations, provide temporal sequence and recognize goal. Scripts develop in the process. Scripts bring new levels of procedure.

(Note: Analogous in some ways are, oscillatory and scale free brain activity.)

Conative Processes: Obstruction scenario between knower and knowable.

  1. knower affords know (state) that motivates changes to place (state)
  2. Void affords through (state) that motivates changes to door (state).

(Note: Notice how in 1, the mental topic’s subject layer 4 targets locomotion’s object layer 5. And also, notice how in 2, layer 1 targets all of layer 6 (see chart).)

Quadranym Entry Representation (Spatial Target – used on layer 6):

E = expand: open
  O = object: barrier
  N = Topic Name: door
 
S = subject: passage
  R = reduce: close

Motivated Sense

Dynamical Context Concepts:

For a value to be realized in a quadranym requires a dynamical context and a situational context to couple i.e., truth conditions engage –unit is now relevant.

  • Quadranyms represent responsive units for communicating situations.
  • A quadranym unit is not itself a meaning. It is a response to a meaning.

The truth of the situation is always in the text. The dynamical context couples to the text thus textual elements receive a virtual dynamic sense.

  • Dynamical context is a system to integrate with the situational context.
  • Integration provides responsiveness for present and future predictions.

Unit of Responsiveness Template

A unit of responsiveness is like spontaneous activity in the beginning. If it somehow aligns with its environmental system — it may become responsive. 

  1. The template illustrates the left hemisphere as actual subjective power. 
  2. The right hemisphere illustrates the potential alignment to the environment.
  3. A potential state is oriented by its actual state and is calibrated by modes. 
  4. The process starts with modes providing measure for the manner of response.
  5. Once an environmental aspect is integrated, a responsiveness is rendered.

Motivation is Modular in Quadranyms:

The source condition is the active-actual. The target condition is the passive-potential. The passive-potential condition aligns to the world FOR the active-actual condition. This represents the motivated dynamical context.

  • In the schema, Condition is the state of things. Change is the mode of things.

  1. Active energy represents the units using power e.g.,  organismic energy.
  2. Passive energy represents the power being used e.g., environmental energy.
  3. Active Sense represents more experience necessary i.e., find relation.
  4. Passive Sense represents no more experience necessary i.e., relation found.

Above represents unit cycles occurring on multiple layers and timelines.

To be clear, the environment is not itself passive energy. On the contrary, the environment powers the agent. Passive energy refers to aspects of the environment that have become part of an agent’s normative responses. 

  • Passive power is the environmental invitation for the organism to align.

Temporal Layers of Constraint:

Consider for instance a chimpanzee who smashes small stones with a big rock. Maybe the act continues just for the dynamic sense of it, the impact, stones fractured into fragments. Now consider the act repurposed to crack nuts.  A new motivation — a new system of responsiveness is organized.

  1. Active Power: chimpanzee (i.e., skill to use)
  2. Passive Power: rock (i.e., invitation to use)

Active power (power to use) and passive power (power being used) refers to an organisms responsive ability. That is, the resources it has in its responsiveness.

  • Representing environmental resource is a flux.
  • Representing organismic resource is a unit.
  1. Flux is double bracketed: [b]  [a]
  2. Unit is single bracketed: [a  b]

flux point lives between units.

  • flux:[Structure(world)]→[Function(self)]<find>

A unit is a response to a flux point i.e., stimulus → response.

  • unit:[Function(self) → Structure(world)]<flux> 

Hierarchical Structure: Upper scripts constrain lower scripts.

  1. General Layer:[Function(survive) → Structure(world)]
  2. General Layer:[Function(nutrition) → Structure(goal)]
  3. Relevant Layer:[Function(hunger)] → Structure(food)]
  4. Relevant Layer: [Function(food) → Structure(nuts)]
  5. Relevant Layer: [Function(nuts) → Structure(rock)]
  6. Relevant Layer: [Function(rock) → Structure(smash)]

The primary advantage of layers is the ability to create various hierarchical orders. In this way, an act can be constrained by different motivations.

  • Scripts are about source conditions allowing for new target variables.

Flux Point Illustration: 1(i.e., Causal Flux = Environmental Power)


 Orientations, Conditions & Constraints

A script changes the orientation. Each frame is an orientation constrained by its layers. Basic theoretical perspectives of orientation are given below.

Above suggests, Prototype Theory of categorization.

  • A source that anchors can change its orientation.

Below suggests, Intersubjectivity and sharing orientation.

Above illustrates one’s Individual orientation .

  • Actual node represents the anchor of orientation.

Below illustrates intersubjective orientation.

  • Potential node represents shared anticipation.

The image above illustrates two individuals sharing common experiences to share focus. The transformation is from two discrete interacting units to one interacting unit. The behavioral benefit is about increasing capacity to relate better potential conditions to the occurrent area of anticipation.

When an orientation is shared we call it the coherent sense. The target variable is the conditional sense. Nested layers emend condition variables.

  • Nested layers provide constraints to produce likely menu options.

Basic quadranym representation example for above:

  • Eat(x) ⟹ [Sate(hungry) ⊇ Starve(food)x]

Word-Topics & Database Systems

Quadranym Unit Representation Examples:

Word-Topic: Space(x)

For all x, If  x is space, Then x is:

  • Mode Sets: Expand = infinite ⊇ Reduce = finite
  • State Sets:  Subject = void  ⊇ Object = between

Shorthand:

1) Word-Topic: Space(x)

  • (x)  space(x) [Infinite(void) Finite(between)(x)]

2) Word-Topic: Time(x)

  • (x)  time(x) [Future(present) Past(event)(x)]

3) Word-Topic: Agent(x)

  • (x)  agent(x) [Active(self) Passive(goal)(x)]

4) Word-Topic: Mental(x)

  • (x)  mental(x) [Unknown(knower) Known(knowable)(x)]

5) Word-Topic: Locomotion(x)

  • (x)  locomotion(x) [Move(position) Stay(place)(x)]

6) Word-Topic: Door(x)

  • (x)  door(x) [Open(passage) Close(barrier)(x)]

Database Examples: (Spatial set with random quadranyms.)

Topic

Expansive

Reductive

Objective

Subjective

space

infinite

finite

between

void

time

future

past

event

present

distance

far

near

relation

position

direction

there

here

to

from

door

open

close

barrier

passage

container

out

in

full

empty

energy

active

passive

matter

motion

friend

affection

genial

companion

self

reside

move

stay

visit

live

perception

stimuli

select

organize

interpret

logic

proposition

conclusion

evidence

argument

scientific

hypothesis

fact

law

theory

science

prediction

test

analysis

hypothesis

Data Holds the Key: A word-topic is more than just a quadranym unit. The quadranym unit addresses the basic dimensions involved. Still, additional contextual inferences are required by all word-topic realms. A realm contains a knowledge graph that allows word-topics to adapt to different contexts.

Different Word Sense Quadranyms for Word-Topic Eat

Data: Like a head-word in a dictionary has different word senses, a word-topic in the database has different quadranyms. A wiki populates database.

  • A wiki allows users to collaborate and modify data. 
  • Domains and realms can be specialized data projects.
  • The goal is interoperability between data projects.

Discrete systems with distinct topical orientations can be developed. Discrete systems work together to improve the word-topic data. Topical interoperability is the ability to adopt or reject the topical orientations of other systems. Competitive performance comparisons advance schemes.


In a Nutshell

The problem involves unpacking a multi-organizational dynamic system.

We might imagine each quadranym as representing a discrete dynamical system. All systems draw upon the environment and then give back to it, thus participating in an ecology of dynamical systems i.e., dynamical context.

  • The source (state) virtually says, I feel this way about that target (state).

Word-sensibility is about words operating like units of homeostasis. A word is like a sensing unit of homeostasis where it responds to changes presented to it in a text. It finds stasis by adjusting its coordinates on the x-y axes to coordinates that its zeropoint can most effectively anchor for.

  • As we know, barrier is a changing dynamic FOR passage – of topic door.
  • Barrier represents potential coordinates. Passage is just the zeropoint.
  • Each unit is a kind of reference frame in which the dynamic sense of a word is balanced to a context e.g., IF context a THEN more x less y.

Consider the contextual dynamics of door for the sentences below:

  • Context a: “Close the door because it’s cold outside.”
  • Context b: “Open the door because it’s hot in here.”

  • (x)  door(x) [Open(passage) Close(barrier)(x)]

In the example above, one can basically see how a statistical model can model a homeostasis regarding door and climate changes as well as, security, privacy and aesthetics (i.e., word-topics cluster inferential terms.)

  • The project is about abstracting normative responses for machines.

Final Thoughts

It might seem that the dynamical context provides understanding for the situational context. However, we suggest that this is not quite right, or even backwards. It’s better to say that the dynamical context seeks predictions for itself, not for the situational context found in the text. The situational context hints the environment that the dynamical context aims to predict.

  • Predicting external actions and consequences for self. See below.

Where word sense is about the intended meaning of a word describing the situational context; the word-topic is about the responses that anchor the dynamical context to the “environment” that shapes the situational context.

  • The system does not represent understandings, it represents responses.
  • The understanding is in the text. The responses anchor its influence.

We hope to run tests on the data in the near future. The current goal is to simply introduce the idea. Success depends on good test data and the wiki.


Some Inspirational Ideas For Project

See Control Theory for inspiration (Achieving levels of control and stability).

Wikipedia (Using a feedback loop to control the process variable.)


See Efference Copy for Inspiration (The Q unit is like Sensory Feedback).

Wikipedia (Predicting external actions and consequences for self.)


Prototype Theory (Wikipedia)

Intersubjectivity (Wikipedia)


Adding new information to existing Knowledge

The database/wiki prototype is operating at:

polynyms.com

An Open Source Language Project


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